WHAT IS PHYSICAL THERAPY?:
Physical Therapy is a healthcare specialty concerned with identifying and maximizing the quality of life and movement potential for all ages. As healthcare professionals, Physical therapists help to promote physical, psychological, emotional, and social well-being through exercise and rehabilitation. Initially, physical therapists take an individual’s history, and perform an evaluation to determine a plan of care for the patient. The appropriate treatment will be initiated with the consent of the patient. Goals will be established so that a successful rehabilitation outcome will be achieved. Physical therapists treat a wide range of disorders, the most common being cardiopulmonary, geriatric, neurological, orthopedic, and vestibular.
THE IMPORTANCE OF EXERCISE:
The importance of exercise cannot be understated. It is vital for maintaining and improving physical fitness and contributes positively to maintaining healthy weight, building and preventing loss of healthy bone density, muscle strength, and joint mobility. It also promotes physiological well-being, reduces surgical risks, and strengthens the immune system. Exercise also reduces levels of cortisol, thereby benefiting our health, as cortisol is a stress hormone that builds fat in the abdominal region, making weight loss difficult. Frequent and regular aerobic exercise has been shown to help prevent or treat life-threatening conditions such as hypertension, obesity, heart disease, type 2 diabetes, insomnia, and depression. Long term benefits to the brain also occur due to increased blood and oxygen flow, therefore improving cognitive function, reducing the risk of developing dementia.